Workstation Security: Best Practices and Threats to Watch Out For

Imagine working hard on an important project when suddenly an email from your boss requests an urgent document review – without thinking twice, without properly considering its implications, without giving thought as you click through, you fall prey to a ransomware or phishing attack.

This happens more frequently that people think. Workstations are an essential component for business productivity but are also vulnerable to security breaches that threaten to compromise data, reputation, productivity and profits.

We will explore various threats relating to workstations and how best to mitigate them.

Common Security Threats to Workstations

Here are some of the most common threats to watch out for and some basic ways to protect yourself from them:

Malware and Viruses: Invisible Threats to Your Workstation
Malware and viruses are harmful software programs designed to infiltrate computers through malicious code such as ads, spyware, trojans or worms. You could unwittingly install them by following links with suspicious contents, downloading attachments from unknown sources or visiting untrustworthy websites – once infiltrated they can destroy files, monitor your activities or compromise data that could threaten to compromise your entire system and create havoc for its owners.

Phishing and Ransomware: When Deception is a Weapon
Phishing attacks use social engineering tactics that take advantage of your trust and lack of suspicion to take advantage of you and exploit your trust. Phishing emails may appear genuine from trusted sources and ask you to click a link or download an attachment, while ransomware attacks involve locking or encrypting files with ransom demands demanding payment in exchange for accessing them again – potentially crippling businesses by leading to data loss, financial damages and reputational risks.

Brute-Force Attacks: When Weak Passwords Lead to Trouble
Brute-force attacks involve attempts at guessing your login credentials by trying out various combinations of usernames and passwords until they find one that works, be that on your workstation or elsewhere on your network. Poor password management – including using weak or reused passwords across accounts – puts workstations vulnerable to brute-force attacks.

DDoS Attacks: Overwhelming Your Workstation with Traffic
DDoS attacks attempt to overwhelm your workstation or network with traffic or requests that cause it to slow down or crash, usually from multiple sources such as botnets or malicious websites. DDoS attacks can wreak significant havoc with business operations while damaging reputation.

SQL Injection Attacks: The Vulnerability in Your Web Application
SQL injection attacks aim to breach your database by inserting malicious SQL commands, leading to disruption or overrun due to theft, corruption or unauthorised access. They exploit vulnerabilities in web application code such as input validation, output encoding or parameterized queries that expose vulnerable areas within it for potential exploit.

Fortify Your Network with Firewall Protection to Foil Unauthorized Access

Firewalls are indispensable security programs that protect computers and networks against cyber attacks and unauthorised entry, like hackers and unauthorised users gaining entry through vulnerabilities in software or hardware firewalls. Both types scrutinise all incoming and outgoing traffic for suspicious activity that exceeds security criteria and stop suspicious behaviour as soon as it arises.

Keep Your Antivirus Software Updated Regularly to Combat Viruses and Malware

It’s imperative to have antivirus software that scans your computer for threats and eliminates them. It also blocks malware from running by stopping malicious software. Updating your antivirus software, like ClamAV or Windows Defender, is essential to protect your computer from the latest threats.

Secure Cached Credentials to Block Hackers from Stealing Your Login Details

Cached credentials refer to login credentials stored on your computer. They speed up the login process, but unsecured cached credentials pose a security risk to your workstation. Hackers can extract cached credentials from your computer to gain unauthorised access. Encrypting your cached credentials can make it much harder for hackers to access your account.

Enforce Application Control Policies to Restrict Unapproved Software

Application control policies are set to prevent employees from installing unauthorised software that can compromise the security of your network or workstation computer. Employees should only utilise approved software. This prevents them from accidentally installing malicious software on your network or workstation PC.

Mandate an Up-to-Date Operating System Baseline for Maximum Security

Have an OS baseline for patches, updates, and configuration settings to help you protect your workstation. It guarantees that your workstation PC is up-to-date and safeguarded against the latest security threats.

Use Strong Passwords and Multi-Factor Authentication to Protect Your Login Details

Use long and complex passwords composed of uppercase letters, numbers, special characters, and lowercase letters; enable multi-factor authentication by requiring users to provide multiple forms of verification before accessing their workstations; and employ multi-factor identification requiring several forms of identification before being allowed access.

Regularly Back Up Your Data to Prevent Data Loss

Having a copy of your data stored elsewhere is critical in case anything happens to your primary copy. At least back up your data once a week, or more often if you’re making frequent changes to it.

Disable Unnecessary Services and Features to Reduce Attack Surface

Operating systems and applications come with several features and services enabled by default. However, not all of these features and services are necessary, and some may pose a security risk or serve as the entry point for cyberattacks.

Disabling them makes your workstation less vulnerable to attacks. It reduces the number of potential entry points for attackers and limits their ability to exploit vulnerabilities in your system.

Monitor Your Workstation Activity for Suspicious Behaviour

Assuring your workstation activity can help detect any potentially suspicious activities such as excessive network traffic or any unapproved software installations. Utilize tools such as antivirus and intrusion detection systems for proper workstation monitoring.


Don’t make workstation security an afterthought; it’s an ongoing process that demands constant vigilance. And it isn’t just about protecting your data; it helps you achieve better work outcomes and maintain your reputation.

To make securing your workstation a priority, start with a workstation designed with the best hardware and software security available: the Armari Magnetar workstation series.